Risks of Liposuction Surgery
Liposuction is a surgery that is done to remove excess fat deposits in areas of the body that don’t respond to diet plans and physical exercises. It is a well-known fact that there are advantages as well as disadvantages in surgeries, liposuction being no exception. However, if the liposuction surgery is done by an experienced and well-qualified cosmetic surgeon in a well-equipped facility, it can reduce the risks of complications. Treating more than one area of the body or treating a large area of the body can increase the number of risks and complications that occur during and after surgery so liposuction is usually broken down to just one body part at a time.
The common risks that can be visible in patients after liposuction are:
- Temporary bruising, soreness, swelling and numbness in and around the treated areas.
- Rippling or saggy skin in some patients. After a few months skin will usually tighten and retract but in some people, it may remain loose.
- Small scarrings and irritations can occur around the incision sites where the cannulas (suction tubes) were inserted.
Some rare complications in patients after liposuction include:
- Uneven skin surface in treated areas.
- Skin and nerves can be damaged.
- Permanent color changes in the skin.
Weight gain after having liposuction surgery can be an issue for some people. Your body may store the new fat in different places, as opposed to the places where the fat cells were removed. New fat can be deposited around the organs of the body such as heart and liver. This type of fat that is stored around the heart and liver is harmful and sometimes life-threatening compared to fat that are stored under the skin such as on the hips, thighs and belly so be careful of your weight after liposuction. Due to this, liposuction is generally not suitable for weight loss for extremely overweight who need to reduce their weight up to the recommended level before having a liposuction surgery.
Possible highly risked complications include;
- Fat clots or blood clots may travel to lungs and become life-threatening which is known as pulmonary embolism.
- Infections can occur and may be combatted by giving antibiotics before and after liposuction surgery.
- Excessive fluid and blood loss can lead the patient to shock.
- Accumulation of fluid inside the lungs known as pulmonary edema can happen due to the large volume of fluid injection.
- If large areas or many areas of the body were treated once, the toxic reaction to the injected solution would occur.
By having proper preparations before, during and after liposuction can reduce risks of above complications.