What is Plantar Fasciitis and What Are the Causes?

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If you wake up in the morning and feel a sharp stabbing pain in your heels when you first get out of bed, it is likely you are suffering from plantar fasciitis. There is a thick band of tissue that runs from your heel to the toes and if this becomes inflamed, you will experience pain and discomfort. The tissue has to endure a lot of heavy pressure, and if you are overweight or have a hobby that involves running or jumping, you are more likely to suffer from this condition. Runners frequently suffer from this condition, especially if they are long distance runners, as this involves constant heavy pressure on the soles, which will cause the inflammation.

Potential Causes

There are several potential causes of plantar fasciitis, which include the following:

  • You are aged between 40-60 years.
  • You are overweight.
  • You run, jump or dance on a regular basis.
  • You wear high heel shoes.
  • Pregnant women often suffer this condition.

If you have flat feet or unusually high arches, you are more likely to suffer from plantar fasciitis, while incorrect walking posture can also bring this on.

Potential Treatments

There are orthotic insoles that help to take the weight, thus giving your feet support, which, in turn, reduces the inflammation. In severe cases, the specialist might recommend cortisone injections, which do bring instant relief and by changing your routine to reduce the pressure on your feet, this is normally enough to resolve the problem. Although the condition is more common in women than men, it can affect anyone at any age, particularly if the person partakes in activities that cause the feet to constantly support the body weight.

Change of Routine

In many cases, the issue can be resolved by changing your routine, which will reduce the stress on your feet, and by wearing special plantar fasciitis orthotic insoles that can be purchased from an online supplier. If you are overweight, you are more likely to suffer from plantar fasciitis, as your arches have to work harder, and those who have to stand for a majority of the working day are also at risk of suffering from plantar fasciitis.

Extra Corporeal Shockwave Treatment

ECST can be an effective treatment for plantar fasciitis, which involves a specialist targeting the heel area of the feet with therapeutic shockwaves, and this boosts the natural healing process. While this treatment is carried out, the patient is advised not to indulge in activities that cause stress on the feet, and by wearing special orthotic insoles, the problem usually disappears.


Acupuncture can relieve the pain of plantar fasciitis, and while there is no hard evidence, research does suggest that acupuncture can be an effective treatment. The onset of this condition can produce other issues, such as numbness of the toes and trapped nerves, and when these symptoms are shown, acupuncture is a recommended treatment.

Night Splint

A device called the Strassburg Sock can be worn at night, which does not allow the plantar fascia ligament to contract and this eliminates the early morning pain, as the ligaments have been slightly stretched during the night.

If you are experiencing a stabbing pain in your heels first thing in the morning, it is likely you are suffering with plantar fasciitis and you are advised to seek specialist medical assistance. You can also buy special orthotic insoles that will help to reduce the pressure on your feet, and by altering your routine to give your feet a rest, the problem should be resolved.


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