What Are the Causes of Right Sided Heart Failure?

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If you’ve had a heart attack before and start feeling worse, you may have right-sided heart failure or another problem. The other way to be diagnosed with this is if your doctor performs a test and discovers the problem themselves.

However, the symptoms to watch out for when thinking “what causes heart failure” can stem from more than just a heart attack.

Read on to learn more causes of right-sided heart failure.

Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension is a condition of abnormally high blood pressure in the pulmonary artery. It is the large blood vessel that carries blood with oxygen to the lungs from the heart.

It is a significant cause of right-sided heart failure as it puts extra strain on the heart. When the pressure in this artery increases, the heart’s right side has to work harder. Over time, the muscle weakens and cannot keep up with its demands.

Right-sided heart failure can also be caused by bad habits like smoking, drinking too much alcohol, and not getting enough exercise. It is essential to live a healthy lifestyle and get regular check-ups.

Cardiac Tamponade

Cardiac tamponade, an excessive buildup of fluid in the sac encompassing the heart, can lead to this type of heart failure. This type of failure occurs when the increased pressure in the sac prevents the heart from filling correctly. It decreases its ability to pump blood adequately to meet the body’s needs.

Valvular Heart Disease

Valvular heart disease is when one or more of the heart’s four valves are damaged or diseased. When this occurs, the heart cannot pump enough blood, leading to right-sided heart failure.

The most common causes of valvular heart disease include rheumatic fever, valve calcification, and cardiac tissue growth. Other medical disorders can also cause valvular heart disease and right-sided heart failure. These include diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart infections.

Depending on the terrible damage, you can treat valvular heart disease by taking medicines or treating other health problems. As well as having valve surgery or getting a new heart.

Myocordial Infarction

Myocardial infarction, or a heart attack, is a common cause of right-sided heart failure. It occurs when an artery supplying blood and oxygen to part of the heart is blocked, often by a clot.

Without the oxygen-rich blood, that part of the heart is damaged, making it unable to pump properly. When the core can no longer pump efficiently, fluid can accumulate. It leads to right-sided heart failure.

Right-sided heart failure can also be caused by extra heart stress from chest diseases, being overweight, or drinking too much alcohol over a long period.

These can all lead to fluid retention and decreased oxygen levels in the body. As well as cause coughing or wheezing. If you ever experience unnatural coughing, learning more about a wheezy cough is essential. This way, you may determine if it is connected with your heart’s health.

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is one of the leading causes of right-sided heart failure. This condition occurs when the heart’s upper two chambers, the atria, quiver instead of beating effectively.

Atrial fibrillation can cause your heart to beat fast, hurt your chest, and make you feel dizzy. If left untreated, it can lead to an enlarged heart, congestive heart failure, blood clots, and an inability to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.

Additionally, as the heart’s rhythm becomes more disordered, it can no longer fill the left ventricle effectively. It leads further to right-sided heart failure.

You can treat atrial fibrillation with drugs that slow down the heart rate, an electric shock to the heart. Or treatment like catheter ablation. By managing atrial fibrillation, patients can reduce their risk of developing right-sided heart failure and maintain a healthy heart.

Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

Right-sided heart failure is caused by increased blood flow resistance back to the heart from the lungs. This results in an inability of the heart to eject enough blood to meet the body’s needs. It often results in fatigue and shortness of breath.

Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH) is one of the leading causes of right-sided heart failure. It is a condition where a clot blocks the pulmonary arteries, restricting blood flow back to the heart from the lungs.

CTEPH is caused by a previous pulmonary embolism that is not cleared naturally by the body as it usually would. 

Lung Diseases

In terms of lung diseases, these can affect the flow of oxygenated blood to and from the heart. Right-sided heart failure can be caused by pneumonia, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). As well as from a Pulmonary Embolism.

COPD is particularly concerning, as it can lead to right ventricular remodeling of the heart. It starts a vicious cycle of inflammation and leads to hypertrophy of the right ventricle. Pulmonary embolisms can obstruct the vessels and result in congestive heart failure. These conditions can lead to decreased cardiac output and right-sided heart failure.

Congenital Heart Defects

Various conditions, including congenital heart defects, can cause Right-Sided heart failure. Congenital heart defects occur when the heart does not form properly during fetal development.

These defects can cause the heart walls to be too thick or too thin, or there may be holes in the heart walls. These abnormalities can disrupt the heart’s normal flow of oxygen-rich blood and lead to right-sided heart failure.

In some cases, congenital heart defects can lead to changes in pressure and blood volume, weakening the right side of the heart and making it unable to pump blood efficiently.

Causes of Right-Sided Heart Failure You Should Not Ignore

Right-sided heart failure is a severe condition caused by multiple factors, such as coronary artery disease, hypertension, and valve disease.

Early detection and aggressive medical management are recommended to decrease mortality rates associated with this condition. Speak with your healthcare provider and learn the causes of right-sided heart failure to find the best treatment option.

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